US Department of Defense
BLAST INJURY RESEARCH
COORDINATING OFFICE
Advancing Blast Injury Research to Protect and Heal Those Who Serve

Frequently Asked Questions

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Q: What is the definition of blast injury?

A: A blast injury is a complex type of physical trauma resulting from direct and/or indirect exposure to an explosion. To define the scope of injuries caused by exposure to blast, the Department of Defense (DoD) adopted the Taxonomy of Injuries from Explosive Devices, which provides a common framework for characterizing blast injuries within the DoD. This taxonomy assigns blast injuries to five categories – Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Quaternary, and Quinary – based on the mechanism of injury.

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Q: What type of injuries result from blast exposure?

Q: Do blasts cause concussions or mild traumatic brain (TBI) injuries?

Q: Does the Department of Defense (DoD) Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO) provide research funding?

Q: What is the role of the Department of Defense (DoD) Brain Health Research Program Coordinator?

Q: How does the Department of Defense (DoD) Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO) define Brain Health?

Q: Where is the Department of Defense (DoD) Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO) located?

Q: Who does the Department of Defense (DoD) Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO) work with?

Q: What is an Executive Agent?

Q: Why was the Department of Defense (DoD) Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO) created?

Q: What types of events does the Department of Defense (DoD) Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO) typically host or participate in?

Q: What is the purpose of the International State-of-the-Science (SoS) Meeting Series?

Q: What is the Military Health System (MHS) Blast Injury Prevention Standards Recommendation (BIPSR) Process?

Q: What is meant by Injury Prevention, Acute Treatment and Reset?

Last modified: 18-Jun-2019